1.Local Governance Program-SHARIQUE:
SHARIQUE means “partnership” in Bangla. The Local Governance Programme contributes to the empowerment of local citizens to make and implement inclusive, gender sensitive and pro-poor collective choices about their lives and livelihoods through more democratic, transparent, inclusive and effective local government systems which is supported by HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation. The rationale is that good local governance leads to equitable local development for all members of society as they are encouraged to participate in decision-making processes.
2.EEP/ Shiree-Unnoti project:
EEP/ Shiree-Unnoti project is an initiative of the British and Bangladesh Governments with the aim to eliminate of extreme poverty in the haor region through the promotion of agriculture, livestock and fisheries technologies. In this process, the extreme poor will gain additional production opportunities, improved productivity, increased employment, market additional marketable surplus and better access to natural resources. At the same time, BHH gain skills and self-confidence and increase their overall social capital. On top of this, landless extreme poor will apply for khas land and project will support the khas land application process during the project period.
- Community Based Sustainable Management of Tanguar Haor:
Tanguar Haor is a unique wetland ecosystem of national and international significance. It covers roughly 10,000 ha and is located in Sunamganj, North-Eastern district of Bangladesh. The “Community Based Sustainable Management of Tanguar Haor” project aims to conserve ecosystem values in the haor by developing a co-management system. As a part of the project, a buffer zone fishing modality, funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), has been developed to ensure the fishing access of poor fishermen. IUCN designed a third phase of the project as a continuation of the development phase for another three years to deepen and consolidate community capabilities, to consolidate and streamline co-management modalities–criteria for determining sustainable yields and assuring protection of the site-needed to permit an up-scaling of initial resource (mainly fish) exploitation efforts.
- Let Her Decide and Participate (LHDP):
The Gender and Women’s Leadership (GWL) Programme of Oxfam in Bangladesh is committed to encourage new initiatives promoting the concept of transformative women leadership and support creative discussion son women’s rights and gender equity. The Let Her Decide and Participate (LHDP) project is such a project that has generated a distinct opportunity for many women to discuss, analyze, and participate in decision making process on women’s issues and concerns from family to community level. The focus is to bring leadership theories to the ground and blend them together so that mass lay people can understand and relate their everyday experience with theoretical knowledge and grassroots leadership perspectives. A core area of this project is operationalizing transformative women leadership through Women Adda Platforms (WAPs) and local partner organizations with key activities that include awareness raising and capacity building through materials design, dissemination and training. One of interesting aspect of the project is that, women are gathering weekly/monthly basis in an informal chatting (ADDA), playing games, sharing their personal feeling, enjoying moment. This intervention is giving them the opportunity to develop their own assertiveness, dedication and skill to achieve Rights, Entitlements, Accessibility and Controlling aspects on Women Empowerment and Leadership.
- Wash in Health:
To enhanced capacity of community, local allies, CSOs and community clinic, Hospital, institution, LGI has created opportunities for hard‐to‐reach poor communities in availing WASH facilities and services at Tahirpur Upazilla under Sunamganj District which is supported by Wateraid Bangladesh. Tahirpur upazila is one of the low-lying, disaster and poverty prone area in Bangladesh. Natural disaster like flash flood, heavy rain, sometimes earthquake is a common phenomenon in Tahirpur. Soil erosion in river is one of the major disasters, so, natural water flow is disrupted due to siltation the river and cannel, also, Flash flood damages the crop just before the harvesting period.
- Women Friendly Hospital program:
Women Friendly Hospital program has taken various initiatives to increase awareness in and mobilize marginalized women to demand maternal health services from public health care institutions which is supported by Naripokkho. Formation of women’s groups within Women’s Health and Rights Advocacy Partnership (WHRAP) project is one of those initiatives. Members of Women’s Groups meet once a month. In the meetings, assigned staff of Community Based Organizations (CBO) discuss different issues such as available services at Union Health and Family Welfare Centres (UHFWC), women’s health and reproductive rights, care and services during pregnancy period, eclampsia, family planning methods and their availability, neonatal and child health care and postnatal care of mothers and so on.
- Election Programme:
The Election Programme is Strengthening Civil, Engagement in Election & Political Processes for Enhanced Transparency & Democratic Accountability which is supported by IED.
8. Land Rights:
ERA is facilitating the landless hardcore poor about the land rights and the process how to getting Khas land from Government. More than one hundred poor people established their access in Khas land by facilitation of ERA. By facilitation of ERA three villages established on Khas land and it is an achievement of ERA.
- Rehabilitation Program:
After the severe flood of 2004 at Sunamgonj, ERA undertake rehabilitation program with the financial support of Oxfam-GB. Total cost for the project was Tk. 1,52,28,028. The program covered 42 affected villages of 4 unions at Tahirpur upazila under Sunamgonj district.
Coordination with GO & Community
At the very beginning of the project we organize a briefing session where UNO of Tahirpur , reprentative of Water Development Broad and LGED, Union Chairman , Member of respective union perished, school teachers, religious leaders and elites were present in the briefing session. In the briefing session we discuss the goal and objective of Long time Rehabilitation program and we asked them for their close cooperation in order to successful implementation of the project. During the implementation of the project we conduct a series of meeting with the all stakeholders.
10.Livelihoods, Empowerment and Agro Forestry (LEAF) Project
Geographical site selection and identification of CBOs and communities
After surveying the different geographical areas corners of villages and unions of Derai Upazilla we selected 20 villages of 3 unions (Rajanogor, Derai Sharmongal and Vatipara) and identified a total no. of 68 CBOs & 30 communities.
Established verbal collaboration
After sharing of project vision, objectives and approaches, there are 41 CBOs,(NGO-25, Go-07 and self-09) among 68 identified CBOs and 30 communities shown their interest for working with LEAF project and made a verbal collaboration with ERA.
Livelihood Empowerment and Agro-forestry (LEAF) project, funded by Inter- cooperation & SDC supports to transfer different type of technology, floating vegetable cultivation technique, skill development training, IGA, local resource mobilization, local network development process. This project works in 20 villages of 3 unions (Rajanogor, Derai Sharmongal and Vatipara) and facilitates to form a total no of 41 CBOs & 30 communities. The have conducted learning visit in 4 batches during this period.
A total of 66 training sessions were organized for 1279 farmers (male- 536, female- 743). They are providing services traditionally as consultation, linkages, networking, training and inputs that are obtained from GO/NGOs for maternity and infantry. Initiatives have taken with the collaboration of 41 CBOs and 30 communities on the topic-importance of homestead gardening (Vegetables, fruit trees, timber trees etc.). Provided the techniques of improve pit and heap preparation for raising seedling of cucurbits, methods of road side vegetables cultivation, fruit tree plantation, vegetables nursery raising in the seed bed, methods of poultry, duck, cattle rearing, beef fattening etc. and methods of birth control. Marketing capacity building of Fisherman with marketing access.
Under the project CBFM-SSEA funded by IFAD, ERA works for Fisherman groups and facilitated to control under CBOs. At present 3 beels have leased the CBOs successfully. They conduct general meeting at different CBOs and communities .A total of 32 FMs and 25 TBAs are functioning in the project areas.
Refreshers training were launched to fulfil the demand from the locality, managed by the CBOs. Each beel (depressed land) is controlled by a Beel management committee (BMC) and another APEX (Cluster Management Committee) is formed by the 3 BMC with one representative from each BMC & consisting of 9 members among them one chairman, one secretary, one cashier and rest of them member .
During this year, 6 APEX meetings were held. Under this project some activities were conducted – liaison with Govt. fishery Dept. different service providers, IGA activities, training, establish sanctuary, protect from drying, refrain from capturing fish during breeding period, and avoid fingerling capture.
ERA has planted 500 koroch trees in the khas land around the water body supported CBDRM project and 5000 koroch under SHOUHARDO program and 5000 koroch CBFM project in the respected project areas.
11.Community Based Fisheries Management (CBFM) Project
CBFM-SSEA project started in Sunamganj district in May 2002. It is a five-year project implemented by a partnership of Department of Fisheries (DoF), WorldFish Center and Efforts for Rural Advancement (ERA) and Financial supported by the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) through a grant to WorldFish Center.
ERA has selected its project area (CBFM-IFAD) at Vatipara, Rajanogor, Rofinogor union in Derai Upozilla and Patharia Union in Sunamgonj sadar Upozilla under Sunamganj district. Now total fifteen villages are under project’s activities.
Micro Credit and Alternative Livelihood
In the CBFM project there is a provision of revolving loan fund for implementing NGO of ERA. In the project budget about 15.52% of fund has been kept as revolving loan fund. It is expected that this will provide alternatives to traditional money lenders and reduce the cost of obtaining credit for poor fishing households in two fields (1) keeping access, leasing and managing water bodies/fishers, and (2) enhancing income opportunities through purchase of productive assets.
This fund allocation to enhance inland fisheries management and assets of poor households should therefore contribute to poverty alleviation and boost the food security of the participants. During this year ERA disbursed TK. 1, 04,000 (One lack four thousand among 66 beneficiaries)
Over the year, the Beneficiaries deposited Tk. 14005 in their own accounts.
ERA has formed 23 groups. Among the group, 14 for Suma Nodi Jolmohal, 5 for Boro Nainda & Choto Nainda Beel, 4 for Chatol Beel. ERA has organized group meeting in each week. During the year, ERA staff has conducted about 690 group meetings.
Beel Management Committee (BMC)
ERA has formed 3 Beel Management Committee (BMC) to manage. One BMC consisted by 9 members, another One BMC consisted by 11 members and rest one BMC consisted 15 members. In each month BMC arranges discussion on issues related to the WB.
The group member elected the BMC member through vote. They give the vote through ballet paper like National Election. The Election was focused at the rural project area. In this process the BMC member feel empowered.
CMC Formation & Meeting Held
ERA Staff has formed a APEX (Cluster Management Committee) by selection. Taking a representative from each BMC & consisting by 9 members have formed APEX. Among them, one chairman, one secretary, one cashier and rest of them are member. During the year, 6 APEX meeting held.
Advisory Committee Formation
ERA’s personal take an initiative to formation advisory committees for smoothly running project’s activities and already have successfully completed it. A number of 5 members are in advisory committee. Among them 3 is local elite, two UP member.
ERA has planted 500 trees in the khas land around the water body by the project cost and all trees are koroch. ERA planted another 8000 tree in roadside plantation with Dept. of Forestry. In this connection we inform you that ERA’s personnel have completed one agreement with the Dept. of Forestry.
For sustainability of the beneficiaries & properly done their responsibility, ERA’s staff has taken some initiatives for construction of community center for each Beel. By this time the BMC members has donated land for establish 2 community centers. Already registration of land has been completed.
During this year the beneficiaries have made six big sanctuaries in three water body.
The CBO’s get legal statues by the registration. ERA has registered 3 BMC with the Department of Cooperative. The Regt. No. Of three BMC is 32, 35, and17.
During this year, two exchange visits (Both National & International) was completed which organized by WorldFish Center. It was held on 7th to 10th June 2005 and another one held 4-12, December 2005. One National visited at Rongpur and Dinajpur, in this time five BMC member visited and another International visite in Vietnam.
12.Community Based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) Project
Community selection and situation analysis for project intervention \
- Community selection: We selected 50 communities of 2 Unions, Uttar Sreepur & Doskhin Sreepur under Tahirpur Upazila of Sunamgonj District for project intervention during project period. The selection was based on remote, isolated and vulnerable community, prior to not cover by others development agency. to conduct PVA at selected communities. The training was facilitated by a personnel of BDPC, mandated by Oxfam-GB.
- Participatory Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) conducted: Participatory Vulnerability Assessment (PVA) was conducted at 20 selected communities to analyse the situation of the area. After analyse the PVA reports we prepared an action plan for project intervention and also identified stakeholder & beneficiaries.
Result: Most vulnerable communities got opportunity to get access of project benefits. PVA report expresses the vulnerable situation of selected communities to identify priority of sector for project intervention.
CBOs formations for skill group develop
- Village Disaster Management Committee (VDMC) formation: 50Village Disaster Management Committee were formed, consist of 15 members in each committee. Out of 750 VDMC members 500 were male and 250 were women. The VDMC members act as link group with recourses / services of GO/NGOs service provider.
- Volunteer Committee formation: 30 gender sensitive volunteer groups consist of 18 members in each group. Out of 540 young volunteer members 50% are women and 50% are male. The volunteer committee members will play role to disseminate forecasting and warning of disaster and also at rescue and evacuation during disaster. More over them will provide volunteer services at relief & rehabilitation program.
Result: Through formation of VDMC & Volunteer Committee, the vulnerable community people organised themselves to implement their rights and it helps them to identify natural leader. The VDMC & Volunteer groups act as linking group and community sprite also. Now community people are united and committed to identify and solve their fundamental problem.
Disaster Management Training for community preparedness
- Disaster management training for VDMC: 3 days duration training on disaster management was held at community level for VDMC members. 375 VDMC members were trained for capacity building through 15 batches training consist of 25 persons in each batch in incidence of disaster.
- Disaster management training for Volunteer: Disaster management training for 250 members of volunteer committee were held at community level. Training duration were 2 days and implemented through 10 batches, consist of 25 participants in each batch.
Result: Through the training a gender sensitive skill group developed at this disaster prone area to rescue and evacuation of flood affected vulnerable people.
Skill development training for VDMC & Volunteer Committee member on IGA
For capacity building of VDMC & Volunteer committee members, different life skill training on IGA were implemented by need basis. 3 days duration training held at community level. 220 beneficiaries participated at the following IGA training, implemented through 9 batches; consist of 25 members in each batch (20 for tailoring) on different IGA.
Result: The community people who got the above skill training, they are practicing the respective IGA as support of their family income. The training package made a significant role on gender equality issue, because through practicing these IGA many disadvantage women got opportunity to create self employment.
Vegetable cultivation programme to mitigate nutrition deficiency of beneficiaries.
- Beneficiaries selection: Though the haor area Sunamgonj is less practice of vegetable cultivation, we selected 400 beneficiaries under the program, who had opportunity to utilize it at their homestead. The selection was done prior to disadvantage women.
- Vegetable seed distribution: We distributed two packages of seeds among each of selected 400 beneficiaries, one at Kharip season and another at Rabi season. The packages consist of different seasonal vegetable seeds. We also provide technical support and intensive follow up for successful implementation of program.
Result: Maximum beneficiaries those who implemented the program, got a good result of production. Through the production the beneficiary’s family fulfil the deficiency of nutrition food. Moreover many beneficiaries earned money by sold the surplus product after consumption and hope to continue the practice.
Establish emergency store
We established two emergency store containing different emergency materials to rescue and evacuation of flood effected vulnerable community, suss as life baya, life jacket, raincoat, umbrella, torch light, first aid box, delivery kit box, alum, belching powder, pole thin sheet, PWT, G Volta, ORS etc. We develop an emergency store management policy and maintaining a register & master roll to use it.
BRAC-ESP (NFPE) Program provides quality education for the drop out/non enrolled children of the poor and extreme poor family is one of the major objectives of ERA. This is why ERA, in coordination with BRAC, started non-formal primary education, mostly to girls. ERA established 10 NFPE schools at 9 different remote villages of Tahirpur Upazila under Sunamgonj District. Ten teachers, one in each school, are conducting the classes under the supervision of one Program Organizer in these ten schools from Grades 1-3 s following BRAC curriculum on the basis of NCTB competencies along with supplementary materials and teachers’ guides. The teacher receives basic training about teaching method and procedure from BRAC Education Program. Each school enroll 30 students, at least 70% of them are female.
After completing the 3-year program and graduating from Class 3, they are able to enroll into the class 4 of a formal primary school. In the last year 217 students graduated successfully from 10 NFPE School completing 3-year course, out of them 173 were girls and 44 were boys. Another 300 students were enrolled in the last year those have completed the first year lesson and at present they entered into the second year.
- Safe Water & Sanitation Program
The environment of Bangladesh, especially Sunamgonj, is not fit to produce clean water. Sunamgonj is a low-lying area which often floods, causing water pollution. ERA’s role is to educate the people of Sunamgonj about the value of safe water and to encourage the use of sanitation facilities. In this regard ERA had taken WatSan project through partnership collaboration with NGO Forum.
Objectives of WatSan Project
The objective is to provide people with sanitation facilities as well as make them aware of and encourage them to use safe water and practice hygiene. Our target is to make Kalipur village under Sunamgonj sadar upazila 100% sanitary by the end of 2005.
Major Activities of WatSan Project
- Village Development Committee (VDC) was formed at Kalipur village to develop sanitation awareness and practice.
- Monthly meetings with community conducted by VDC.
- Sanitation awareness session with the VDC and villagers.
- Established sanitation facilities at various locations of Kalipur village.
Sanitation month observation
During sanitation month VDC and ERA conducted awareness activities in the local schools as well as disseminate sanitation awareness by microphone announcements, rallies, sign boards and various other activities.
Rehabilitation & Sanitation package
At the end of severe flood of 2004, as rehabilitation program ERA had done massive activities on safe water supply and sanitation with the financial assistance of NGO Forum. In this package ERA had done different event at 3 upazila of Sulla, Derai and Sunamgonj Sadar under Sunamgonj district.
- Distribution of hygienic Ring-Latrine set to 1305 beneficiaries.
- Repairing of 70 Tube-well to ensure safe water supply.
- Arrange Ward wise hygiene promotion campaign.
15.Disaster, Risk Reduction & Emergency Response
Heralding the underlying causes of disaster & risk
Disaster & Risk is the most common phenomenon in Sunamgonj district. This area is affected by flesh flood every year, which is caused by water coming from adjacent upper hills of Meghaloy province of India. In this regard, ERA sincerely consider this matter seriously and targeted the poorest people residing in Dakhin Sunamgonj, Tahirpur, Derai Sulla Upazila. A contingency plan has been prepared that is updated every year as well as maintains a store with preserving rescue materials for emergency response during flood. ERA started its risk reduction and rehabilitation program from 2004 after severe flood at Sunamgonj. Formed Disaster Management Committees in different Upazilas and Union levels.
Community based Disaster Risk Management (CBDRM) Project, funded by Oxfam-GB works in Tahirpur Upazila provides grants for training to our staffs, community volunteers, disaster management committee members, that promote the capacity to emergency response during disaster and post flood rehabilitation. For sound operation of rehabilitation intervention 42 networking committees formed under this Upazila. Total committee members 294, out of them 97 are female and 197 are male. The committees are updated every year. They organize meeting regularly and make community action plan. We are also facilitated them to make fruitful plan of action. During this period 150 member from (3 member per community) 50 community received training on tube-well caretaker and maintenance provided with toolbox. 41 homesteads have raised to protect community and 2 embankment (Ati) have established to protect farming lands from flash flood containing sand, stone, garbles and other unwanted materials.
ERA-Care Bangladesh partnership program funded by USAID works for disaster preparedness and immediate response addressing one of the major objectives. Provided training to the Volunteers, stakeholders, and representatives of local Govt. institutions, Govt. Officials under this project.. Grants for reducing risk through raising the houses of some people that are mostly affected during flood. During this year 150 mound raised for providing shelters to the poor family living under 2 villages( Dhulpushi village under Batipara Union Derai Upazila have raised and extension to make them free from disaster risk). Total 82 no of village based, 16 no Union based and 3 Upazila based disaster Management committee are activated in Derai, Sulla and Dakhin Sunamgonj Upazila.
We established two emergency store containing different emergency materials to rescue and evacuation of flood effected vulnerable community, such as life boya, life jacket, raincoat, umbrella, torch light, first aid box, delivery kit box, alarm, belching powder, polyethylene sheet, PWT, G Volta, ORS etc. We develop an emergency store management policy and maintaining a register & master roll to use it.